sustainability-image-mobile GGB_hero

Global Green Bonds

The Nikko AM Global Green Bond Strategy is an SRI/ESG vehicle investing in securities that finance projects that help in mitigation and adaption to climate change. The strategy invests primarily in AAA rated Green Bonds, issued by some of the strongest global institutions with AAA credit ratings. The strategy provides investors with access to Green Bonds, through a long-standing diversified and actively managed portfolio.
Investment Philosophy

"An investment into Green Bonds can offer an investor a unique combination of providing investment to help to mitigate global climate change in developed and emerging markets, whilst providing capital gains and income over the mid to long term for investors.”

Why Green Bonds?
  • Green Bonds raise funds for new and existing projects which deliver environmental benefits
  • To meet agreements set in the Paris Accord, Green Bonds will become a significant investment instrument
  • Provides investors with a tax-exempt income and the satisfaction of knowing the proceeds of their investment will be used in a positive manner
  • Capital markets and bond issues play a central role in raising capital globally and crowding-in public and private investors from all over the world
Growing Market
  • Growing segment of the fixed income universe is ‘Green Bonds’, reflecting the increasing importance being placed upon environmental sustainability
  • Over the last 5 years, the market has significantly grown. In 2020, the market value for SSA Green Bonds is expected to be USD250 billion+
  • Funds raised finance the development of new or existing environmental projects, including renewable energy, sustainable water management and pollution prevention
  • The Green SSA market is large and liquid and the demand for such high quality paper makes these investments trade at lower yields to competing spread products, but still above the sovereign debt of their respective countries
Green Bond Market
  • There are many different Green Bond issuers and proceeds are used for a broad range of applications
  • SSA Green Bonds represent the ‘gold standard’ of environmental friendliness

Green Bond Investment Universe

GGB circle_light GGB circle_dark

Example of the Scale of Green Bond Purity

GGB Purity scale_light GGB Purity scale_dark
Global Green Bond Fund (UCITS)
  • Long experience in the market in Green and SSA markets
  • Primarily invests in AAA
  • Exposure to Emerging Markets
  • No exposure to corporates
  • “Dark Green” paper (Cicero Shades of Green*)
  • Proceeds of projects are approved by third parties


Key Characteristics
Pure Green Exposure
EM & DM Exposure
Pure Green Exposure 01

Green Bonds held all adhere to Green Bond Principals

All Green Bonds purchased will be eligible for inclusion in the BofA Merrill Lynch Green Bond Index. This index tracks the performance of securities issued for qualified “green” purposes. Bonds must have a clearly designated use of proceeds that is solely applied towards projects or activities that promote climate change mitigation, adaptation or other environmental sustainability purposes.

EM & DM Exposure 02

Actively / Dynamically managed EM / DM Exposure

The investment team evaluates both developed and emerging markets and forms allocation decisions based on their in-house investment views. Nikko AM believes the exposure to emerging markets is an attractive addition and differentiator to other Green Bond portfolios and an alpha opportunity. The team will invest actively and rebalance emerging market and developed market allocations based on market conditions.

AAA 03

Invests in Sovereign & SSA Green Bonds

Due to the availability of Green Bond paper in the SSA investment universe, it is the intent of the investment team to invest as close as possible to 100% of the Fund in Green Bonds. In situations, where it is not possible to achieve access to desired Green Bonds on direct issues, the investment team will utilise an FX overlay to allow for efficient portfolio risk management. In addition to supranationals, Nikko AM would consider purchasing government issued Green Bonds and from local authorities.

Our Team
Steve Williams
Head Portfolio Manager – Core Markets (Lead PM)
Steve Williams is the Head Portfolio Manager for Global Core Strategies and a Managing Director in Nikko AM’s London Office. He is a member of the fixed income & foreign exchange investment committee as well the portfolio manager with oversight for the firm’s investment grade, municipal, green bond, global mortgages and global bond business as well as credit research.

He joined Nikko AM in 2007 and took over co-management responsibility with Andre Severino for the firm’s flagship global sovereign bond strategy as well as launching the first dedicated Danish mortgage bond strategy into Japan in 2016. Steve, previously served as a Credit research analyst with New York Life Investment Management in corporate bonds and structured finance as a senior analyst. He has over 14 years of investment experience and holds an MBA from Duke University’s Fuqua School of Business. He received his undergraduate degree from the University of Michigan and is a certified FRM.

Raphael Marechal
Head Portfolio Manager – Emerging Markets

Raphael joined Nikko AM in February 2016 to develop the firm's Global Emerging Market capability. He brings over 20 years of experience in fixed income, emerging market analysis and portfolio management. Prior to Nikko AM, Raphael was at BlackRock where he co-managed a $3.0 billion Emerging Market Local Currency Strategy, as well as a $500 million Absolute Return strategy.

Before BlackRock he held the position of Senior Portfolio Manager at a number of firms working in the Emerging Market space at FFTW and Fortis Investments and before that he was a Portfolio Manager at BAREP. He received a Master in Mathematics & Finance from the Grenoble Institute of Technology and also holds a DEA Finance from the IAE in Grenoble.

Andre Severino
Head of Global Fixed Income
Andre Severino, Head of Global Fixed Income for US and Europe, has been responsible for managing Nikko’s AM High Conviction Sovereign Bond Strategy since April of 2008 which has grown to over $4.5 billion USD.

Prior to Nikko AM, Andre was with Fairstream Capital Management, a Global Macro hedge fund acquired by Nikko Asset Management Americas in 2007. Prior to Fairstream, Andre worked at Ritchie Capital Management where he focused on macro strategies in the G-10 countries.

Andre began his career at Chicago Research and Trading (CRT) in 1990, an options market making boutique. He received his Bachelor of Business Administration, with a major in Finance, from Loyola University in Chicago in 1990.

Global Fixed Income Team

Steve and Raphael both sit within the wider Global Fixed Income team in London, led by Andre Severino. The team consists of 16 investment professionals in London with a further 5 in Nikko AM’s Sydney office who collectively have an average of 16 years of investment management experience. The team has significantly broadened over time to support the strategies’ growth and cater for institutional portfolios. One of our biggest advantages is the fluid interaction across the five business lines and the ability to execute decisions quickly, once a decision has been made. The diagram below illustrates the organisational structure in London.

GFI Team_light GFI Team_dark
Our Process

"A consistent four-step investment process which incorporates quantitative and qualitative inputs, engaging the team in a collaborative process to generate ideas reflected in high conviction duration, currency, credit and yield curve calls to construct a Green Bond portfolio”

process chart_light-new process chart_dark-new
Embedded Risk Management

Ongoing risk management is integral to the entire investment process with constant dialogue between our investment team and the independent risk management team to ensure that risks are identified, evaluated, monitored and mitigated.

Our Edge

Proven Track Record

Nikko AM has a long history in managing Green Bonds and launched the world’s first Green Bond Fund in 2010. As well as dedicated Green Bond strategies, we also hold Green Bonds in our other Global Fixed Income portfolios.

Investment Focus

Nikko AM’s investment team has no input into setting and or executing the “green” component of this strategy. It is this very impartiality which strengthens the product as a whole for the end investor. Unlike some of their peers, the investment team can focus their energies on what they do best – analysing and investing in global currency and bond markets.

Investment Team

Fluid interaction across the investment team and the ability to make decisions promptly. By working in an open environment, the team works in close proximity and ideas don’t get lost waiting for an Investment Committee decision at each level.


A key aspect of due diligence towards the issuers for Nikko AM is the transparency the issuer provides on their Green Bond programme. Additionally, the quality of reporting and availability of information would be taken into account.

Perhaps the most recognised risk related to Green Bonds is 'greenwashing', which is defined as the superficial or insincere display of concern for the environment.

The strategy does not have exposure to green corporate bonds, where credibility and transparency of programmes can be questioned.


Before investing, Nikko AM would assess the following:

  • Clear description of the projects to be financed (including goals, projected impacts, sustainable development principals)
  • Competent project selection as well as a fully transparent process of the management of proceeds
  • A frequent public reporting including project description, allocation of funds and environmental impacts (quantified where feasible)
  • A verification of the project selection and use of funds from an independent third party
Our Global Fixed Income Philosophy

We believe in employing a consistent investment process that incorporates quantitative and qualitative inputs to generate ideas and construct high conviction portfolios, where we get suitably rewarded for the risk we undertake. At Nikko AM, we see ourselves as capital allocators and we intend to continue our efforts to provide the capital needed for issuers to implement a sustainable transition programme. As investors, we have a unique opportunity to identify risks, engage with issuers and build relationships that can influence positive sustainable change. We believe it is our responsibility to create innovative products and strategic partnerships across the capital market structure to establish pathways for meaningful flows into sustainable investments.

ESG Implementation

ESG is considered across all our products. In the investment process, ESG is applied at the screening and research stage and at the portfolio construction stage. The scale and manner that ESG is integrated depends on investor-specific product expectations.

For example, our Global Green Bond strategy strictly invests in green bonds from global AAA-rated sovereigns, supranationals and agencies (SSAs) with the strongest sustainability credentials, such as the World Bank, the European Investment Bank, and KfW.

Another example is our Global Credit strategy. While most of our experienced analysts work with a best practice list for corporate governance, built on many years of experience in credit investing, it sometimes is more challenging to ensure that the environmental and social aspects of a business align with every one of our investors’ wishes. However, we take guidance and strive to do our best to make sure they meet the standards set out by the UN PRI. Corporate governance assesses mostly general management quality, which has a direct impact on the company’s performance, while environmental and social analyses tend to capture risks and opportunities linked to a specific industry or region. The investment team works hard to deliver a portfolio that is accountable to the ethical and social values of an increasing number of institutional clients. European asset owners, in particular, require that their values are reflected in their portfolios, alongside their performance goals.

Four Steps of Our ESG Implementation Framework
4 step implementation_light 4 step implementation_dark
Important Information

The funds mentioned are Singapore registered funds approved for sale or purchase in Singapore. By proceeding, you are representing and warranting that you are either resident in Singapore or the applicable laws and regulations of your jurisdiction allow you to access the information.

The information on this website is not intended to be an offer, or a solicitation of an offer, to buy or sell any product or service to any person in any jurisdiction where such offer, solicitation, purchase or sale would be unlawful under the laws of such jurisdiction.

This website may contain links to the website of certain overseas affiliates of Nikko Asset Management Asia Limited (“Nikko AM Asia”). However, providing such links should not be considered as offering or solicitation by Nikko AM Asia of any product or service of its affiliates to any person.

This website is purely for informational purposes only with no consideration given to the specific investment objective, financial situation and particular needs of any specific person. It should not be relied upon as financial advice. The mention of individual securities, sectors, regions or countries within this website are for illustration purposes only and does not imply a recommendation to buy or sell. You should seek advice from a financial adviser before making any investment. In the event that you choose not to do so, you should consider whether the investment selected is suitable for you. Investments in funds are not deposits in, obligations of, or guaranteed or insured by Nikko AM Asia.

Past performance or any prediction, projection or forecast is not indicative of future performance. The Funds or any underlying funds may use or invest in financial derivative instruments. The value of units and income from them may fall or rise. Investments in the Funds are subject to investment risks, including the possible loss of principal amount invested. You should read the relevant prospectus (including the risk warnings) and product highlights sheet of the Funds, which are available and may be obtained from appointed distributors of Nikko AM Asia or our website ( before deciding whether to invest in the Funds.

The information contained herein may not be copied, reproduced or redistributed without the express consent of Nikko AM Asia. While reasonable care has been taken to ensure the accuracy of the information as at the date of publication, Nikko AM Asia does not give any warranty or representation, either express or implied, and expressly disclaims liability for any errors or omissions. Information may be subject to change without notice. Nikko AM Asia accepts no liability for any loss, indirect or consequential damages, arising from any use of or reliance on this website.

Sustainability in action

of CO2 is produced loading this sustainable web page.
This site is designed to be light in carbon footprint. We strive to deliver a smoother experience, using less energy with a simplified code, light vector graphics and by reducing unnecessary features and plugins. We regularly review and archive content to reduce impact on the environment.